Takht Bahi (or Takhtbai or Takht-i-Bahi) is a Buddhist monastic complex dating to the 1st century BCE. The complex is regarded by archaeologists as being particularly representative of the architecture of Buddhist monastic centers from its era. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.
Takht means “throne” and bahi, “water” or “spring” in Urdu. The monastic complex was called Takht-i-Bahi because it was built atop a hill watered by a spring.
It is located about 15 kilometers from Mardan in Pakistan‘s Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province. A small fortified city, dating from the same era, sits nearby. The ruins also sit near a modern village known by the same name. The surrounding area is famous for sugar cane cultivation.Frontier sugar mills is a major sugar producing industry of the province, is located in the middle of the town.